"You have noticed that everything an Indian does is in a circle, and that is because the Power of the World always works in circles, and everything tries to be round. The sky is round, and I have heard that the earth is round like a ball; and so are all the stars. The wind, in its greatest power, whirls. Birds make their nest in circles, for theirs is the same religion as ours. Even the seasons form a great circle in their changing, and always come back again to where they were. The life of a man is a circle from childhood to childhood, and so it is in everything where power moves." - Black Elk  (1863-1950), Oglala Sioux Holy Man

Why "Restorative Justice"?

You may have noticed the many patterns -- "circles," in Black Elk's words -- that appear in American society, and that many of these are not necessarily healthy patterns, but rather, seem to amount to "doing the same things over and over again, expecting a different result." A few examples include: